Contemporary theory updating older perspectives

09 Feb

Modernization theory both attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies and seeks to explain the process of social evolution.

Modernization theory is subject to criticism originating among socialist and free-market ideologies, world-systems theorists, globalization theorists and dependency theorists among others.

Made up of interdependent individuals competing with each other for economic and territorial dominance and for ecological niches, have competitive cooperation with its resulting economic interdependence) While human communities exhibited an ecological or symbiotic order quite similar to that of nonhuman communities, they also participated in a social or moral order that had no counterpart on the nonhuman level.

Park studied the ecological order to understand better man's moral order.

The United States highly prized scientific and technical matters, including careful measurement and specification of activities and results. Frederick Taylor developed the :scientific management theory” which espoused this careful specification and measurement of all organizational tasks. (1930-1950) Max Weber embellished the scientific management theory with his bureaucratic theory.

Weber focused on dividing organizations into hierarchies, establishing strong lines of authority and control.

He suggested organizations develop comprehensive and detailed standard operating procedures for all routinized tasks.

(1930-today) Eventually, unions and government regulations reacted to the rather dehumanizing effects of these theories.

contemporary theory updating older perspectives-42contemporary theory updating older perspectives-38contemporary theory updating older perspectives-56contemporary theory updating older perspectives-13

Modernization refers to a model of a progressive transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society.

This subject will examine a range of theoretical and clinical approaches to bereavement intervention.

Drawing on contemporary theory and evidence-based practice the subject will consider the bereavement needs of special populations and will explore a range of individual, group and family techniques and intervention strategies. Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on bereavement Students will be recognised for their skill and knowledge related to bereavement, and acknowledged as a resource within their services Students will complement their existing communication skills Students will be considered as leaders in their field.

In other words, in any particular work the artist will call direct attention to the fact that what people are viewing (or reading, experiencing, etc.) is a work of art.

In contemporary culture, this may seem like an obvious quality, but before the advent of the Modern artistic era (approximately pre-Impressionism), art was not created to call attention to itself, but to celebrate figurative forms and accurately depict things that had some basis in reality.